The largest organ in the human body, which most people don’t consider an organ, is the skin. The epidermis, dermis, and fat layers are the three layers that make up our skin. Chemical peels primarily target the epidermis, causing the top layer to blister, but they can also pierce the dermis layer. When the top layer loosens and eventually peels off, older, damaged, and dead cells are replaced by fresh, flawless skin. A simple, non-invasive approach for skin rejuvenation is chemical peels. One of the first advocates of chemical peels was Cleopatra. As a peeling agent, she used sour milk containing lactic acid. The Romans also utilized the tartaric acid present in grapes.
In a chemical peel, the top layers of the skin are removed by applying a chemical solution to the skin. The skin that regenerates is softer. You might need a light or medium peel multiple times to obtain the desired results.
Scars, discoloured skin, and wrinkles are all commonly treated with chemical peels on the face. They can be carried out independently or alongside other cosmetic operations. They can also be carried out at various depths, ranging from light to deep. Deeper chemical peels produce more dramatic effects but require more time to heal.
What Skin Problems Can Chemical Peels Treat?
Chemical peels cannot tighten loose, sagging skin or treat severe facial wrinkles. However, they work wonders for several skin issues:
- Wrinkles and fine lines
- Texture problems
- Age spots
- Scarring from acne
- Sun damage
- Scaly patches
- Coloration issues
Types of Chemical Peels
There are three different chemical peels we provide, including:
- Light Chemical Peels
The mildest form of treatment is the light chemical peel, which uses salicylic or glycolic acid. Light chemical peels use gentle exfoliation to remove the epidermis or top layer of skin. Standard recovery times range from one to seven days, with only slight redness and discomfort.
To obtain your desired appearance, you might frequently have minor chemical peels. Light chemical peels rarely produce dramatic effects, but your healthy glow will develop as you receive additional treatments. A gentle peel may be appropriate for you if you have: Acne, fine lines or wrinkles, or uneven skin tone.
What Chemicals Are Used In A Light Chemical Peel?
For these peels, we often use naturally occurring alpha hydroxy acids, such as glycolic acid, lactic acid, or salicylic acid, which are obtained from sugar cane, grapes, or sugar beets (derived from plants). These are all milder options than the ones used for deeper peels.
Steps in a light chemical peel treatment
- You’ll get a facial wash.
- Your skin is rubbed with the chemical solution, which is then kept for a short while. You can experience a slight stinging.
- After washing off, the chemical peel is neutralized.
Light Chemical Peel Recovery
Your skin may experience some redness and irritation after your first few light peels, but as your skin becomes more exfoliated, this will go away, and your skin will glow as a result of your peel. Depending on the outcomes desired, a light chemical peel can be given to the patient once per week for up to six weeks due to its mildness.
- Medium Chemical Peels
A medium chemical peel also removes some skin from the top area of the dermis, the skin’s middle layer, and the skin’s outermost layer. Trichloroacetic acid and glycolic acid may be combined for this purpose. After one treatment with a medium chemical peel, you can anticipate considerably smoother, younger-looking skin.
What Issues Can A Medium Chemical Peel Treat?
Medium-depth peels reach deeper layers of the dermis. We recommend a medium chemical peel for people with
- Acne scars
- Deeper lines and wrinkles
- Uneven skin tone.
Medium chemical peel procedure steps
- You’ll have your face washed.
- You are given a quick brushing of the chemical solution onto your skin. There could be some stinging or burning.
- The treated area could take on a white-gray hue.
- A cool saline compress is used to neutralize the chemicals.
- Your skin may turn red or brown within a few days of the peel. Usually, peeling begins within 48 hours and lasts for a week. During peeling, it’s crucial to keep the skin moisturized.
Medium Chemical Peel Recovery
Trichloroacetic acid is used to exfoliate the skin. Medium peels need time to heal because they leave the skin red and itchy. A small amount of crusting will occur, and the redness may last for a few weeks. Only three or four times a year should medium peels be repeated.
- Deep Chemical Peels
These chemical peels use phenol acid as the peeling ingredient and are the strongest.
What Issues Can A Deep Chemical Peel Treat?
Deep peels can treat the following by penetrating the lower dermis layer:
- Deeper wrinkles
- Sun damage
- Blotchy Skin
- Pre-cancerous growths
- Preparing For a Deep Chemical Peel
Patients undergo pre-treatment at home to get their skin ready for a deep peel before having one performed on them. If desired, the patient will be given a sedative and a topical anesthetic just before the peel to control discomfort.
- Along with a local anesthetic to numb your face, you’ll receive a sedative to help you relax.
- You will experience a series of cleansing steps for your face.
- After the appropriate time has passed, phenol is gently rubbed onto the region.
- Water is used to neutralize the chemical.
- A thick layer of ointment is rubbed over your skin to stop dryness and soreness. The cream needs to remain in place. In other cases, rather than applying lotion, your surgeon will tape or use medicated gauze to cover your skin.
Deep Chemical Peel Recovery
Deep chemical peels are a strenuous skin treatment that takes time to heal. The patient will experience peeling, crusting, edema, and redness for several days following the peel. Because your skin will be highly delicate, sunscreen use is crucial. Redness can last for up to three months.
How Often Can I Have A Deep Chemical Peel?
One thorough chemical peel treatment can result in spectacular, long-lasting results lasting up to 10 years.
How Does A Chemical Peel Work?
The doctor applies the chemical solution to the patient’s skin using a cotton-tipped applicator during the operation. The skin will change color as soon as the chemical agents touch it, accelerating the peeling process.
How Long Do Chemical Peels Take?
Depending on the kind of peel you’re using, a chemical peel treatment can usually be done in 30 to 60 minutes. Even though the peeling aspect of your treatment might take a few minutes, it might include skin cleansing, soothing and moisturizing serum, or sunscreen application.
Deep chemical peels can take anywhere between 60 and 90 minutes to complete; light chemical peels might take as little as 10 minutes; medium chemical peels can take as much as 20 minutes.
Can Chemical Peels Be Performed With Other Treatments?
With laser and IPL skin tightening, dermal fillers, or Botox, we can improve the outcomes of your chemical peel. What best suits your needs will be determined when our dermatologist does a complete skin evaluation.